Ruched asparagus or Shatavari (lat.Asparagus racemosus, Shatavari) – perennial herb; a species of the genus Asparagus (Asparagus) of the Asparagaceae family.
Ruched asparagus – the name of a creeping plant, reaching up to 2 m in height. For its growth, it “chooses” mountainous and rocky terrain; found in India (in the Himalayas), South Asia, some African regions and in Australia. Ruched asparagus has small shiny dark green leaves, similar in shape to conifer needles, as well as white flowers and black-purple berries. The developed root system is up to 1 meter long. Ruched asparagus has about 100 roots, for which it received the English name “One hundred roots” (literally – “one hundred roots”).
According to Ayurveda, asparagus is a powerful anti-aging herbal remedy for the body of women. It is extremely useful for the female reproductive system. Since ancient times, shatavari has been used by practitioners of Tibetan and Ayurvedic medicine. It shows useful properties not only for the health of women, but also for men, and heals a wide variety of ailments. Shatavari has a positive effect on the digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular and reproductive systems.
Brush asparagus is rich in proteins, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, bioflavonoids, as well as vitamin B, calcium and zinc. The roots (the main nutrient source) of the racemose asparagus, as a rule, contain: shatavarin IV, steroid saponin (8.53 +/- 0.38%), and shatavarin I (both are the main bioactive substances); shatavaroside C; shatavarol; immunoside at a concentration of 0.038 +/- 0.003%, is a sarsasapogenin glycoside; racemoside A, which is also found in fruits; daidzein (one of two soy isoflavones) at a concentration of 57.9 μg per 100 g; secoisolariciresinol at a concentration of 68.4 μg per 100 mg; ursolic acid; beta sitosterol and stigmaterol; low content of ecdysteroids; vitamin C at a concentration of 42.4 +/- 5.1 mg per 100 ml of base extract; minerals such as zinc (44-148 mg per kg), copper (up to 34 mg per kg), manganese (up to 84 mg per kg), iron (up to 2 g per kg), cobalt (sometimes up to 122 mg per kg, most often not detected).
Untreated asparagus may include inulin (dietary fiber). Shatavarin and shatavarosides are often the main bioactive components of racemose asparagus, although other components may also be bioactive.
Fruits contain racemosides A, B and C, sarsasapogenin, aglycon racemosides A-C.
In general, the total content of flavonoids in racemose asparagus (roots) is 36.7 +/- 3.9 mg per 100 mg, and polyphenols 88.2 +/- 9.2 mg per 100 ml; racemic asparagus does not have pronounced antioxidant properties in vitro. It is worth noting that asparagamine A, also known as didehydrostemafolefin, is not part of the racemose asparagus. Initially, the substance was called asparagamine A, since it was believed that it was obtained from racemose asparagus, but then it turned out that this plant was Japanese Stemon and other plants of the Stemonaceae family. Another study evaluating racemose asparagus confirmed the absence of asparagamine A in this plant. Asparagamine A, better known as didehydrostomefoline, was mistakenly considered a substance that is part of racemose asparagus, but today they are only linked by a common root in the name.
For medicinal purposes, mainly roots are used, as well as leaves of racemose asparagus. In the Ayurvedic tradition, shatavari is a natural tonic, a plant with a restorative and anti-aging effect. Due to the presence of saponins, shatavari is also an adaptogen that helps increase the body’s resistance to disease, fatigue and anxiety. Shatavari harmonizes the functions of the hormonal and immune systems and helps to accelerate the recovery of the body after stress. Excellent antioxidant, antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, emollient, astringent and antispasmodic properties of the plant are known.
The healing properties of racemose asparagus:
- for the treatment of a variety of “female” ailments, including infertility, frigidity, menstrual irregularities, increases the chances of conceiving a child and helps with menopause (contains natural analogues of female sex hormones);
- for the treatment of male impotence;
- to enhance lactation;
- to increase sexual energy (natural aphrodisiac);
- to cleanse the blood;
- as a diuretic and antibacterial agent for urolithiasis and cystitis;
- for the treatment of colds and fevers;
- with diseases of the lungs and kidneys;
- to eliminate spasms in the muscles and joints;
- in the treatment of gastritis, diarrhea, dysentery, gastric ulcer;
- for healing wounds and ulcers;
- for toning the nervous system;
- with anemia;
- with hemorrhoids;
- for the treatment of herpes, including genital;
- as an antiseptic – for diseases of the skin;
- as a hemostatic agent.