Mumiyo (Asphaltum Punjabianum) or Shiladzhit (from Persian mum – wax; also brashun, barag-shun, mountain resin, mountain balsam, mountain wax, mountain oil, stone oil, mumiyo-asil, mummies, Chao-tun) – organo-mineral a product of alternative (alternative) medicine of natural (mainly biological) origin (dried bats feces).
It is pieces of various shapes and sizes of a heterogeneous dense, solid mass with an uneven or granular, matte or shiny surface, brittle or refractory texture with inclusions of plant, mineral and animal origin, enclosed in a resinous substance, brown, dark brown, black with pale gray spots of color, a specific smell, in the formation of which rocks, soil, plants, animals, microorganisms take part. The process of its formation has not yet been studied exactly. It is also used in Ayurvedic practice.
Mumiyo deposits are found in many regions of the world: in the Caucasus, Central Asia, Russia, Turkmenistan, India, Mongolia, Iran, Arabia, Indonesia, Australia, Burma, South America, China, Nepal, Afghanistan and the countries of north-eastern Africa.
Studies of the Center for Quartz Gemstones TSGRE have shown that mumiyo deposits with a wide geography of their location are very rare, and their raw materials are limited. Mumiyo tends to recover, but its duration is from 2 to 300 years or more.
Purified from impurities and extracted mummy is a homogeneous mass of dark yellow, dark brown or black (sometimes there are shades of red, white, blue and bluish), elastic consistency, with a shiny surface, a peculiar aromatic odor and a bitter taste. Specific gravity – 2–2.6 g / cm³; melting point – + 81 ° C; The pH of a 0.5% solution is 6.7-7; during storage, it rises to 7.5. During storage, the mummy gradually hardens (is lithified) due to moisture loss.
Easily soluble in water (1/8), very slightly soluble in 95% alcohol (1/4500) and ether (1/7000), practically insoluble in chloroform. It contains mineral (calcium, manganese, sodium, iron, chromium, lead, etc.) and organic (solid paraffin hydrocarbons, carbohydrates, amino acids, waxes, fatty acids, etc.) substances.
Mummyoids are a group of natural formations resembling mumiyos in appearance. The group includes ozokerite, nitrate, fossilized vegetable resins and gums, mountain wax, white, stone and mountain oils, Antarctic mummies, loophore (synonyms are mummyoids, mummy-like substances, mummy-like products, mummyoids, mummyoids).
Aqueous solutions are transparent, brown in color. It contains organic and inorganic parts and contains: water-soluble forms of macro- and microelements of potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, and many others. etc., organic acids (glutamic, glycic, petroselinic and many others). The inorganic component of mumiyo can be reflected by the formula CaSi (K, Na) 5C25H5O26 with the organic component C6H6O3.
The composition of the mumiyo is very variable. At the location, as well as appearance, the varieties of mumiyo are distinguished:
Coprolitic (mumiyo-salaji, Pamir and Altai mumiyo, mumiyo-asil, etc.) are petrified phyto- and zooorganic remains mixed with debris and wood from rock formations and soil formations. The content of extractive substances in coprolite mummy ranges from 10 to 30% or more.
Mummy-bearing breccias are large-detrital rocks (more often fractured limestones) cemented by a mummy-bearing clay mass. The content of extractives is from 0.5 to 5.0%.
Evaporite mummy – formations in the form of sagging, icicles and shiny black or gray dull, thin films that stain the roof and walls of caves, niches, grottoes and other large cavities. Its extraction is difficult and unprofitable.
Mumiyo’s healing properties:
- immunomodulator and stimulant;
- accelerates metabolic processes;
- cleanses the blood;
- improves the pancreas, reduces blood sugar, improves the absorption of nutrients;
- improves the absorption and nutrition of tissues and bones with minerals, especially calcium and fluorine;
- stimulates tissue regeneration, accelerates the healing and healing processes;
- removes toxins from the body, lowers cholesterol, cleanses the liver;
- helps fight allergies, relieves allergic symptoms;
- stimulates the function of blood formation;
- rejuvenates the digestive system;
- improves sexual potency, reproductive function in men;
- improves memory and slows down the aging process of the brain.
For a long time, mumiyo has been used in traditional medical practice in the countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus.