Curculigo orchid (Latin: Curculigo orchioides) – is part of the Amaryllidaceae family.
Rhizomes are straight, cylindrical in shape.
Leafless or short-leaved.
The leaf blade has a linear-lanceolate shape, sizes range from 0.5 to 2.5 cm.
Bracts are lanceolate 2.5–5 cm in size.
Umbrella inflorescences with 4-6 flowers.
Curculigo orchid grows in China, Japan and Southeast Asia.
This plant is found in areas where the height above sea level is less than 1,600 meters (hilly slopes, forests, meadows).
The medicinal root of kurkuliga orchid should be collected from February to April after the end of the flowering period or from July to September, when the plant has flowered.
Curculigo orchid is rich in triterpene glycosides, cresol and other polysaccharides. In addition, it contains nitrogen-containing compounds, alcohols, fatty compounds, flavonols, etc.
The plant has aphrodisiotic, immunostimulating, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anti-cancer and antidiabetic properties.
The rhizomes of this plant are used for inflammation, uncontrolled separation of urine, rheumatic lower back pain, impotence and problems with reproductive function in men. In addition, curculigo is used to stimulate immunity, normalize the endocrine system, increase testosterone levels, and fight diarrhea, hypoxia, and high fever.
Due to the content of lycorin, curculigo orchid can cause severe vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding. People suffering from blood diseases should refrain from using drugs that contain this plant.