Dolichos, or Kokornik (lat.Dolichos) – a genus of climbing plants of the legume family (Fabáceae), naturally growing in tropical and subtropical regions of East Africa and Asia.
Perennial creepers up to 3-4 meters long, but can reach more than 10.
Inflorescences are formed by multi-flowered tassels.
Large self-pollinated flowers can be white, purple and yellow.
Two to four seed beans, wide and flattened, with a pointed beak-shaped tip.
Seeds of an elliptical shape, flattened and with a hem.
Dolichos two-flowered (Latin: Dolichos biflorus) – an annual from India, has spread in South America. Climbing plant from the legume family is found throughout India. Traditionally used in Ayurvedic formulations. The seeds of the plant are used.
It helps with coughing, shortness of breath, hemorrhoids or stones in the seminal vesicles, produces blood and “bile”.
Seeds have an astringent pleasant taste and cooling effect. It nourishes all tissues and organs of the body, stops bleeding and diarrhea. It treats acute mucosal disorders. It is a tonic for the nervous system, as well as a mild aphrodisiac.
Also, two-flowered dolichos beans are a source of balanced proteins, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, vitamins of group B and C.
Two-flowered dolichos due to the content of natural antioxidants in its composition reduces the risk of heart disease and cancer.
The inclusion of dolichos in the diet will help solve the problems of the gastrointestinal tract, such as increased gas formation, colic, nausea, diarrhea. And regular consumption of beans lowers blood sugar and cholesterol.
Recent studies by American scientists have found that the consumption of two-flowered dolichos also helps to reduce appetite and can be used in the fight against excess weight.