The smoky medicinal, or the smoky pharmaceutical, or the Wild rue (lat. Fumária officinális L.) – an annual plant; a species of the Dymyanka genus of the Dymyankov family (Fumariaceae) – this family is often considered as a subfamily of the Poppy family.
It grows in fallow meadows, fields, vegetable gardens, sometimes like a weed plant on crops. Distributed throughout Europe, the Mediterranean coast, the Caucasus and Eastern Siberia.
Smoky officinalis is an annual, rarely biennial bare plant. Plant height 20-30 cm. Covered with a grayish-green waxy coating.
The stem is ascending or erect, faceted and furrowed, branched.
Leaves bicoperiform or twice pinnately dissected into narrow elongated linear lobes.
The flower is pink-violet, irregular in shape, 7–9 mm long, in axillary hands. Corolla of four different petals, the upper of which has a short spur at the base.
It blooms from June to October, bears fruit in July-October.
The fruit is a pressed rounded nut.
Smoke medicinal contains organic acids, phenolic acids, alkaloids: sanguinarine and 7 isoquinoline alkaloids, flavonoids. The aerial part (the pharmaceutical name is Lat. Herba fumarae officinalis) also contains alkaloids (0.2-1.6%), tannins (2.9%), resins (4.7%), vitamins C and K.
In folk medicine, infusions and tinctures of herbs are used as a general strengthening, diuretic, diaphoretic and improving intestinal motility, with stomach ulcers and flatulence. Herb tincture also has an analgesic effect. There is evidence of the successful use of drug haze with hypochondria and hysteria.
In the CIS countries, Dymyanka officinalis is also used in folk medicine as a choleretic, expectorant, diaphoretic and diuretic, with jaundice, hemorrhoids, severe bleeding.
In Western Europe – diuretic, milk-producing, diaphoretic, for diseases of the lungs and biliary tract, hypotensive and tonic.
In homeopathy is used fresh with eczema.
In collections, together with other medicinal plants, they are used for diseases of the upper respiratory tract and heart defects.
In Bulgaria, folk doctors use haze in the treatment of hepatitis (jaundice), and fresh juice for skin rash and lichen.
Perhaps the active substances of the plant are able to accumulate in the body of the receiving person.
As a medicinal raw material, the aerial part of the plant, collected during flowering, is used.
The plant was part of the Pharmacopoeia of the USSR (I-III edition), is part of the Pharmacopoeia of France and Brazil, is included in the British Herbal Pharmacopoeia, it is recommended as a diuretic and milk formula.
It is part of Purin ultra.