Tephrosia purpurea – Tephrósia purpúrea (L.) Pers. (from the Greek. tephros – ashes, according to the color of the leaves of some species). Perennial herbaceous plant from the legume family – Fabaceae (Leguminosae).
The stem is erect, branched, up to 1 m high.
Leaves are not paired cirrus. Leaflets 2 cm long, about 1 cm wide, ovoid with a pointed apex.
An inflorescence is a brush whose axis is longer than the leaves.
The fruit is a bean, slightly flattened, narrow, sickle-shaped, blunt with a short nose. Each bean has 4 to 7 seeds. All parts of the plant are slightly sweet.
Purple tephrosia is a cosmopolitan, native to India and tropical Africa. Cultivated in Malacca and Indonesia.
As a medicinal raw material, the herb of Tephrosia purpurea – Herba Tephrosiae purpureae is used.
The raw material contains flavonoids of the quercetin group, a glycoside identical to rotenone, albumin, and coloring matter.
Used for cystitis, dysentery, gonorrhea.
In Chinese and Indian medicine it is used as a substitute for digitalis. In tropical countries, it has been bred for centuries to produce brown-orange paint.
In Indochina, seeds are used as a substitute for coffee. It is used in Asian medicine and is approved for use in medicine in some countries of Western Europe.
Included in Livofer ultra.